From December 12 to 15, 2019, a group of archaeologists from the National University of Distance Education, the Autonomous University of Madrid and the University of Murcia, met in Cieza to obtain conclusions about one of the hottest topics within from the world of Prehistory: how did the arrowheads work during the Paleolithic? As pointed out by Dr. Francisco Javier Muñoz Ibáñez, the main person in charge of the project whose title is' Solutrense tips: flat retouching vs. abrupt retouching.
Technological and cultural innovations during the last glacial maximum '.
To this end, the necessary material has been prepared to carry out an experimental program on the different propulsion systems, enmangue and effectiveness of the solutrense lithic points, 22,000 years ago.
Dr. Juan Antonio Marín de Espinosa has been in charge of carving a total of 202 replicas of tips, which have been enmeshed in different types of shafts to be launched with an arc and propeller on medium-sized ungulates, previously shot down, to recreate the most reliable way possible hunting conditions during the Solutrense.
One of the important aspects of this project is the functional study of projectile elements, says Dr. Gutiérrez Sáez.
"It is important to identify fractures and characteristic stigmas of macroscopic use as a tip, as well as the creation of a corpus of traces derived from experimentation that will allow, by comparison, to address the study of archaeological pieces. Once the launches have been made, the Traceological study with microscopy will allow us to discriminate between the pre-use fingerprints, derived from the technical process of obtaining the piece, from those generated during the use itself, "adds Dr. Ignacio Martín Lerma, professor at the University of Murcia and director of the excavations of the cave of the Arc in Cieza.
The team has received help from other professors in Madrid (Dr. Sergio Ripoll López), from the Region (Dr. Joaquín Lomba Maurandi), as well as from PhD students (Noelia Sánchez Martínez) and students of the History Degree of the University of Murcia.
Source: Ayuntamiento de Cieza